Cracking the Stock Market: A Beginner’s Guide to Understanding Stocks, Share Prices and Market Trends

stock market

Stocks are a significant investment tool in the Indian stock market, allowing investors to purchase and sell shares of public companies. For beginners, this blog provides an overview of stocks and share prices in the Indian stock market.

What are Stocks?

When you buy a stock, you own a share of a company, which entitles you to a portion of the company's profits and assets.

What are Share Prices?

The price of a stock is determined by the supply and demand in the market. The Sensex and Nifty 50 are the two primary indices that track the performance of the top 30 and 50 companies listed on the BSE and NSE, respectively.

Market trend refers to the overall direction in which the stock market is moving at a particular time. It could be upward, downward or sideways. These trends are usually determined by the performance of major stock market indices such as the BSE Sensex or the NSE Nifty 50. If the value of these indices is consistently increasing over a period of weeks or months, it suggests an upward trend in the market. Conversely, if the indices are decreasing, it suggests a downward trend. A sideways trend occurs when there is no significant movement in either direction, indicating a lack of clarity in the market. Various factors influence the stock market, such as economic indicators, global events, and company news.

Investing in Stocks

Investing in stocks can provide significant returns but it also comes with risks. Before making any investment decision, it is crucial to understand the risks associated with stock market investing and conduct thorough research.

Private Companies vs Publicly Traded Companies

Private companies are not listed on the stock market and don't sell shares to the public. Publicly traded companies, on the other hand, are listed on the stock market and their shares are available for purchase or sale by the public. SEBI regulates publicly traded companies, ensuring transparency and fairness in the stock market.


In conclusion, the Indian stock market offers numerous investment opportunities for those looking to invest in publicly traded companies. Understanding the risks associated with stock market investing is crucial and conducting thorough research is essential before making any investment decisions.

If you need expert advice on stock market trading, Liquide can assist you. The Liquide App provides real-time analysis and recommendations from financial experts. It enables investors to manage their portfolios, track market trends, and receive personalized investment advice based on risk tolerance and financial goals. The Liquide App is available on Google Play Store and Apple App Store for Android and iOS devices.